How Navy SEALs Are Returning To Their Roots To Take On Russia And China

Editor’s Note: This article by Patricia Kime originally appeared on Military.com, a leading source of news for the military and veteran community.

Having spent 17 years conducting counterinsurgency and counterterrorism operations in the deserts and mountains of the Middle East, the Naval Special Warfare community is shifting its focus to threats from China, Russia, and aspiring adversaries.

Navy operations planners are including Navy SEALs in all aspects of planning and training, such as war games, exercises and tabletop scenarios, Vice Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Bill Moran told reporters Jan. 16 at the Surface Navy Association’s annual conference.

The shift began in 2013 when Rear Adm. Brian Losey, then-commander of Naval Special Warfare Command, began making “a concerted effort to talk to his teams about getting back to the ‘blue side,’ ” Moran said, referring to the Navy’s large fighting forces of ships, submarines, and aircraft.

That focus has continued since Losey retired in 2016, Moran added.

“[Losey] saw the ‘great power competition,’ he saw the threats of an emerging Russia, China, North Korea, and Iran,” Moran said. [SEALs] have a very specific and important role to play in all situations.”

Since the U.S. insertion into Afghanistan in 2001, special operations forces, including the SEALs, have focused on a specific selection of their skill sets, including small-scale strikes and offensive actions, counterinsurgency, hostage rescue, counterterrorism and countering weapons of mass destruction.

But these forces have other expertise that is relevant to both large-scale military conflicts as well as the type of posturing and competing for regional and global dominance that currently is happening, according to a 2017 report by David Broyles and Brody Blankenship, analysts at CNA, an Arlington, Virginia-based think tank that concentrates on the U.S. Navy.

Those skills include preparing an environment for operations, reconnaissance, unconventional operations, military information support operations and foreign humanitarian assistance, according to the report, The Role of Special Operations Forces in Global Competition.

“Special operations forces have a greater role to play in today’s global competition through a counteractive approach to adversary maneuvers,” Broyles and Blankenship wrote. “The United States has only recently recognized that adversaries are exploiting the U.S. view of ‘preparing for future war’ vice ‘competing in the here and now.’ ”

Moran agreed that Navy SEALs have a unique talent set that the “blue side” had largely forgotten.

“We’ve grown used to not having them in a lot of situations. … Wow, there are some great capabilities here that can set the conditions in the world for the kind of operations we are going to need in every single one of our campaigns,” he said.

A draft environmental assessment published by the Navy on Nov. 8 indicated that the SEALs are planning to increase training in Hawaii, asking to increase the number of exercises from the 110 events allowed now on non-federally owned land to as many as 330 training events on non-federal land or waterways and 265 training events on federal property.

The proposed training also would expand the area for conducting exercises to include Kauai, Lanai, Maui and Molokai, in addition to Oahu and Hawaii.

The training, in a location relatively near to and similar in climate to the South China Sea, where China continues to assert its dominance, is necessary to enhance the Navy Special Warfare Command’s traditional skill sets, including diving and swimming; operating with submersibles and unmanned aircraft systems; insertion and extraction; reconnaissance and parachuting; and rope suspension training activities, according to the report.

Moran said the SEALs’ return to their roots will bolster lethality of the Navy as a whole.

“As much as it’s their chance to re-blue, it’s our chance to reconnect from the blue side,” he said. “That will continue to grow, I think.”

This article originally appeared on Military.com

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MARINE RIFLE SQUADS GET UPGRADED NIGHT VISION DEVICES

An updated helmet-mounted night vision system is beginning to make its way to infantry units. Marine Corps Systems Command accelerated the acquisition of about 1,300 Squad Binocular Night Vision Goggles using existing Defense Logistics Agency contracts.

“We have employed a bridge capability to give Marines the best gear right now available in the commercial marketplace,” said Lt. Col. Tim Hough, program manager for Infantry Weapons. “A final procurement solution will allow a larger pool of our industry partners to bid on the program.”

Army/Navy Portable Visual Search devices, or AN/PVS, have been employed by the military since at least the 1990s and upgraded with next-generation systems as funding and technology became available.
The move to the SNBVG is expected to enhance the infantry’s lethality and situational awareness in reduced visibility. It combines two systems: a binocular night vision device and an enhanced clip-on thermal imager.

“It’s a little bit lighter than the current system, and gives Marines better depth perception when they are performing movements,” said Joe Blackstone, Optics team lead at MCSC.

Marines took delivery of the equipment and learned how to use them last month at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. Known as NET, the new equipment training entails teaching Marines about the operations, characteristics, maintenance, and use of the new devices.

“The lethality that it’ll bring is exponential [sic],” said Cpl. Zachary Zapata, a Marine who participated in the training. “With these new [BNVGs], having the ability to not only use thermal optics along with it, but just the entire depth perception and speed that we can operate in is going to significantly increase, as opposed to what we were able to do in the past.”

The initial buy and follow-on procurement is being funded with Marine Corps dollars as prioritized by the Department of Defense Close Combat Lethality Task Force, which concentrates on the squad-level infantry and is aimed at ensuring close combat overmatch against pacing threats. The SBNVG acquisition strategy is to procure the devices incrementally and concurrently as the Corps looks toward future technologies.

“Right now, we are participating with the Army on their next generation night vision systems, both the Enhanced Night Vision Device-Binocular and Integrated Visual Augmentation System Programs,” Hough said. “We are eager to see the maturation of these capabilities for adoption to improve the effectiveness of our Marines.”

The program office plans on releasing a final request for proposals to procure an estimated 16,000 additional systems on the basis of full and open competition. According to program officials, a draft request for proposals was posted to the Federal Business Opportunities website in mid-November and closed on Dec. 19, 2018. The Government is currently adjudicating comments and anticipates a release of a final RFP in the near future.

Additional fielding of the systems is planned for September 2019. While the devices may eventually make their way to the entire Ground Combat Element, for now, the first priority is given to the Marine Rifle Squad, program officials said.

“This program office is committed to bolstering the combat lethality, survivability, resilience and readiness of the GCE,” said Hough.

EXERCIŢIUL “SABER JUNCTION 15” – PREGĂTIRILE AU INTRAT ÎN LINIE DREAPTĂ

EXERCIŢIUL "SABER JUNCTION 15" • PREGĂTIRILE AU INTRAT ÎN LINIE DREAPTĂ

În cea de-a doua săptămână a exerciţiului multinaţional “Saber Junction 15” militarii Batalionului 32 Infanterie “Mircea” au continuat activităţile de pregătire în vederea desfăşurării fazei “Force on Force” din perioada imediat următoare.

Concomitent cu ultimele reglaje ale armamentului şi sincronizarea sistemelor de simulare al instalaţiilor MILES cu aparatura de observare şi ochire s-au desfăşurat recunoaşterile în teren împreună cu partenerul american şi antrenamentele în comun de nivel grupă şi pluton.

EXERCIŢIUL "SABER JUNCTION 15" • PREGĂTIRILE AU INTRAT ÎN LINIE DREAPTĂ

O importanţă deosebită a fost acordată exerciţiilor de tip STX (exerciţii cu trupe în teren pentru rezolvarea unei situaţii tactice) atât pe timp de zi, cât şi pe timp de noapte, în vederea desfăşurării operaţiilor de apărare, ofensivă şi intermediare cu un nivel de complexitate ridicată. S-a pus accentul pe cooperarea şi integrarea militarilor români în cadrul subunităţilor mixte, evaluarea riscurilor şi dispunerea de măsuri pentru limitarea acestora. Altfel spus: pregătirile pentru exerciţiul multinaţional “Saber Junction 15” au intrat în linie dreaptă.

A fost o bună oportunitate pentru militarii bănăţeni de a identifica şi analiza posibilităţile pe care terenul le oferă pentru executarea operaţiei planificate pentru acest exerciţiu. Nu au întâmpinat probleme deosebite şi cu siguranţă că au găsit răspunsuri la majoritatea întrebărilor pe care le aveau la începutul acestei săptămâni.

“În această etapă planificarea operaţiilor a fost finalizată – a precizat maiorul Sorin Malenovschi Vartolomei – comandamentul executând ultimele pregătiri înaintea fazei «Force on Force». Activităţile de acest tip aduc un câştig valoros, la nivelul fiecărui individ, prin creşterea experienţei acumulate, dar şi la nivelul colectivului, prin îmbunătăţirea coeziunii şi optimizarea modului de acţiune pentru planificarea şi conducerea operaţiilor militare în mediul internaţional.”

Corelarea elementelor stabilite prin ordinul de operaţii şi detaliate pe hărţi, cu elementele din teren, este impetuos necesară pentru succesul acţiunilor militare. Orice factor de teren sau mediu care nu este luat în calcul poate duce la întârzieri, la modificarea şi ajustarea cursurilor de acţiune. Fiecare detaliu din teren sau factor de mediu va trebui exploatat corespunzător pentru îndeplinirea cu succes a misiunii.

Proba de foc din etapa “Force on Force” va aduce confirmarea estimărilor şi planurilor elaborate prin valorificarea şi punerea în practică a acestora de către “Scorpionii Galbeni”.

http://www.rft.forter.ro/_wsn/2015_2/02-act/08.htm

S.U.A Are Un Plan De Actiune Impotriva Rusiei?

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MOSCOVA, 16 octombrie (RIA Novosti) – Ministrul rus al apărării, Serghei Șoigu si-a exprimat îngrijorarea, joi, cu privire la o declarație recentă a secretarului american al Apararii Chuck Hagel subliniind necesitatea de a ne pregăti trupele de lupta împotriva armatei ruse “, la ușa NATO.”
Hagel a spus în discursul său la Asociația Armatei SUA ca trupele americane trebuie să fie pregătite pentru a face față  Rusieicare are “, o armata modernă și capabilă la ușa NATO”.
“Această declarație ne face să credem că Pentagonul lucreaza la scenarii de acțiune militară în apropiere de granițele țării noastre”, a declarat Șoigu reporterilor de la Moscova.
“În loc de a alimenta tensiunile, trebuie să încurajăm un dialog sincer cu privire la toate problemele de pe ordinea de zi a relațiilor noastre cu partenerii occidentali,” Șoigu, a remarcat, adăugând că “aceasta este singura modalitate de a găsi soluții reciproc acceptabile menite să mențină echilibrul existent de forțe și consolidarea stabilității strategice “.
După reunificarea peninsulei Crimeea cu Rusia în martie, NATO si-a intensificat prezența militară în apropierea granițelor Rusiei, în special în Polonia și fostele state sovietice baltice din Letonia, Lituania și Estonia. Rusia și-a exprimat în repetate rânduri îngrijorarea cu privire la prezența militară crescuta în statele vecine NATO.
Relațiile dintre Rusia și NATO s-au deteriorat și mai mult pe măsură ce criza din Ucraina a escaladat. Alianța a acuzat în repetate rânduri Rusia de amestec în treburile interne ale Ucrainei, trimiterea de trupe în Ucraina, și a mers până la a pretinde că Moscova plănuit să invadeze Ucraina. Cu toate acestea, niciuna dintre aceste afirmații au fost susținute cu dovezi.

Armata S.U.A Va Testa Echipamente Noi

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Armata SUA va lansa două teste de echipamente  în următoarele luni, în două locații diferite: la tropice  in Hawaii și peisajul dur din Alaska.

Testele fac parte din Programul Enhancement Soldier (Sep), care permite armatei să încerce echipamente disponibile în comerț rapid, fără a fi nevoie să timp sau bani incepand de la zero, a explicat colonelul Tim Wallace.

În timpul discursului său, Wallace previzualizat planurile armatei de a îmbunătăți echipamentele de antrenament folosite de  soldați în junglă, care au devenit o prioritate mai mare pentru ca mai mulți soldați vor fi desfășurati la tropice in Asia.

Soldații vor testa:

■ O varietate de bocanci, care sunt conceputi pentru a fi cu uscare rapida si usori. “Aceasta este, probabil cererea cu prioritate nr 1 “, a spus Wallace. Oficialii de la Rocky Brands și Danner  au declarat ca vor furniza  încălțăminte pentru acest test.

■ Uniforme Quick-Dry , care sunt mai subțiri și cu mai puține straturi. Armata ia de asemenea, în considerare utilizarea mai putine buzunare, a spus Wallace.

■ sisteme de purificare a apei.

Wallace a spus că nu este un calendar pentru testul de junglă, dar un reprezentant de la Rocky a spus ca testele la incaltaminte sunt asteptate  să înceapă în luna ianuarie.

Între timp, soldații din Alaska vor fi experimenta echipamente noi  de vreme rece in aceasta iarna. Testul va include sisteme de somn, mănuși si echipamente de schi.

Unitățile participante vor include soldați a Diviziei 25 și US Army Alaska, a spus maiorul. Andrew Kirby, asistent manager de productie.

Testul este un follow-on la un proces cu echipamente similare care a avut loc în această vară, care a implicat soldati care se confruntă elemente extreme . Maj. Andrew King, manager de produs , a declarat ca unele ajustări la produse au fost făcute pentru acest al doilea proces, care va avea loc din nou în unele dintre cele mai reci locuri din lume.

Fortele Speciale Berkut

ImageIn ultimul timp s-a scris foarte mult despre fortele speciale,insa nu s-au scris foarte multe detalii despre aceasta unitate  de elita a politei ucrainiene. Asadar in acest articol voi incerca sa fac o prezentare a unitatii care a fost  responsabila de reprimarea sangeroasa a protestelor din Ucraina.

Berkut este un sistem de unități speciale care apartin  de miliția ucraineană ( poliție ), din cadrul Ministerului Afacerilor Interne și Berkut este echivalentul la ucraineni a forțele speciale ruse OMON . Înainte sa fie desfiintate acestea erau subordonate direct  Ministerului Securității Publice . Berkut este un acronim pentru ” unitate separată pentru sarcini speciale ” tradus din limba ucraineană . În fiecare oraș mare sau regiune din țară , există o unitate Berkut . În plus  Berkut  a devenit numele pentru toate unitățile speciale ale poliției ucrainene . De asemenea , Berkut ceea ce înseamnă în traducere poate fi , de asemenea, interpretată ca vulturul de aur .

istoria Berkut

 
Ordinul de organizare unității de poliție OMON pentru scopuri speciale în Sovietul ucrainean emis la 28 decembrie 1988 .  Primele unități s-au format în orașele Kiev , Dinpropetrovsk , Odesa , Lviv și Donețk . După căderea Uniunii Sovietice , s-a decis că unitățile OMON  sa fie prezente in fiecare în fiecare oras major .  La 16 ianuarie 1992 a sosit  comanda pentru formarea unei unități de reacție rapidă ” Berkut ” , care este pus în aplicare pe deplin , la începutul anului 1993 .

Responsabilitate
Principala datorie a unității Berkut este de a asigura  securitatea  sau menținerea ordinii publice în timpul activităților publice de masă , cum ar fi demonstrații , parade , evenimente sportive , concerte și mai mult . De asemenea, în locurile în care există o activitate criminală mai mare , Berkut intra in scena . Mai târziu, Berkut luat mai multe responsabilități noi, cum ar fi de protecție a persoanelor care depun mărturie în cazuri importante .

Organizație Berkut
Berkut a fost o unitate de rezervă al Ministerului Afacerilor Interne al Ucrainei și a fost împărțit în baza regională în cadrul ministerelor regionale până în 1997 cand  au fost  trecuti sub comanda directă a GUBOZ ( Direcția  de Combatere a Crimei Organizate ) tot atunci s-a descis  formarea unei alte unități de reacție rapidă numita Sokil ( Eagle ), în temeiul directivei de GUBOZ ,  .
În funcție de regiune , batalioanele Berkut numara între 5-60 membri . Începând cu ianuarie 2008, unitatea era  formata din doua regimente , si sase batalioane  si numarau 3250 de membri . Un regiment era dislocat in Kiev , în timp ce celălalt era dislocat în Crimeea. Principala caracteristică a membrilor Berkut este beretă roșie , ca parte din uniformele ceremoniale .

 Armament

Unitatile Berkut folosesc echipament si armament sovietic cum ar fi:AK 74 5,45mm, Fort 12-9mm,RPK74,PKM-7,62mm,PKM-7,62mm,AKSU 74-5,45mm.

Din pacate nu detin informatii despre antrenamentele si admiterea in aceasta unitate insa s-a scris prin presa straina ca unii membri Berkut ar fi fost instruiti in Germania cu cateva luni inainte de inceperea EURO 2012.

The Day The S.A.S Defied Their Government To Rescue Their Own

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19 September 2005

Basra, Iraq

The British soldiers couldn’t believe what they were seeing. Before them, on a TV screen, sat two of their own, faces bloody from beatings, being paraded on Iraqi TV. The announcer read in Arabic that they were being charged with the murder of an Iraqi policeman, were held in Basra, the very city where they were stationed, and would go on trial.

The realization of what was happening caused blood pressures to rise among more than a few of the men, who felt like someone had slapped them in the face. Yet, unknown to them, at another location nearby, emotions were much worse. The beaten men were not just from the British Army, they were from the Special Air Service, or SAS. Moreover, as the Lieutenant Colonel in charge of the unit they belonged to watched the screen repeat the showing several times over the coming hour, a sickening feeling grew within him. Corrupt police who had sympathies with the insurgency, more specifically the Mahdi militia, had kidnapped these men. He knew that given past brutalities of the many factions fighting against the British, the likelihood of them being alive beyond more than a few days was narrow at best.

They needed to be rescued. Now.

Realizing his detachment was too small, he notified senior officers and another SAS unit 300 miles to the north to request reinforcements. Not having to ask twice, the men donned their gear, prepared their H&K submachine guns and C8 carbines, and headed toward a waiting C-130.

The Lieutenant Colonel began making more phone calls to determine the station at which the men were held. As he contemplated a plan, a senior officer piped through the phone. Expecting the order to go ahead, what followed forever changed him.

“Permission not granted. There are more important things than lives of the soldiers.” It was not a General in Iraq, but the senior general at permanent joint headquarters Northwood, England, which controlled British military operations in Iraq. The Lieutenant Colonel, incredulous at the command, informed to no avail the danger involved at leaving the two men in captivity. The General repeated himself each time, overruling the plea.

The conversation ended, and, at that moment, the SAS commander realized that someone in a position of power at the highest levels of the British Army actually didn’t care about the lives of British soldiers. He also knew it wasn’t just the General; it had to be the Ministry of Defense who had passed down the orders through Northwood. Reluctantly, he picked up the receiver and phoned the commanding officer and his men packed into the C-130, whose engines were running, ready to move into take off position. The C.O. too, could not believe what the Lieutenant Colonel related to him. Afterward, the C.O. turned to his men and told them what happened. They were furious. Political Correctness had struck again.

The Lieutenant Colonel seethed with rage. He wanted to quit right there. He knew many others would resign as well, once they heard what happened. His two people were going be left to the wolves and there wasn’t a damn thing neither he nor anyone else could do about it.

Then he made the decision. He reached over, picked up the phone and called the SAS detachment in the C-130. “Were doing it anyway,” he said. Forget about Political Correctness.

The C-130 moved for takeoff.

Hell was going to rain down him, the Lieutenant Colonel reckoned. Essentially, his career in the Army was over. A court-martial awaited him as well as anyone else who would defy orders. Strangely, those things didn’t concern him. He was too well-trained to let that happen. No, what he was more concerned about was coming up with a plan to rescue his men. He rose and walked back out to rejoin the others. And there it was again, the two captured British SAS sitting there in tee shirts and slacks, looking despondent, someone berating them in Arabic. The Lieutenant Colonel knew they had to be wondering, ‘Does anyone know where we are? Will they come?’

Damn right, they would. Problem was, the Lieutenant Colonel feared, would they be moved before a rescue happened.

First, though, others were determined to try.

Also seeing the two SAS captives were local officials and regular British Army officers. They located the police station in a section called Jamiat, which lay within a walled compound with prefabricated buildings, and sent a small group of officers along with two Warrior Infantry Fighting Vehicles to try to win the captives release and resolve the situation peacefully. Coming with them in trucks were about 100 soldiers who were to cordon off the building.

Once the men reached the station, they were aided by a female Muslim lawyer who pleaded on legal grounds for their release. Every effort to gain permission to get through the gates was ignored and a mob grew around them, forcing them to leave. The soldiers departed, as well. Yet, the Warriors were not so lucky. The mob shouted and hurled rocks and Molotov cocktails at the two vehicles. One became smothered in flames and had to be abandoned by its crew. One of the men was beaten before being rescued and placed on the remaining Warrior, which sped off. The crows shouted “Allah-u-Ahkbar,” rejoicing in the retreat. The area around the police station seemed like nothing more than a time bomb waiting to be set off.

British warrior
British Warrior IFV On Fire Near The Police Station. The Circle Is That Of A Crewman Ablaze Exiting The Vehicle. He Was Not Seriously Injured.
During the retreat, The C-130 had arrived in Basra and disgorged its cargo. The Lieutenant Colonel informed the reinforcements of the failed rescue attempt. Undaunted and determined not to let it end the same way again, the SAS unit organized itself into ten Warriors along with helicopters to provide overwatch. With the sun setting, the formidable force departed their base and drove down the busy streets toward the station, eyes watching for any sign of an ambush.

Remarkably, the drive itself was uneventful. Even when they turned the corner to head for the station, the mob was absent. Then the Warriors gunned their engines and slammed through the walls. They rolled right through the buildings except for the station itself. Men men rushed out of the Warriors all over the compound, some into the station, others to kill or secure the police and any militants hanging around.

The ear splitting snap of flash-bang grenades sounded in the air. Gunshots rang as foolish militants who raised their guns quickly fell with dozens of rounds in their bodies. Inside the station, the SAS confronted policemen who raised their hands in fear as they were disarmed, handcuffed and made to lay face down on the floor. Then the cell search began, where they found that the worst fear, their comrades being moved, had come true.

Read more: http://specialoperations.com/29053/the-day-sas-defied-their-government-to-rescue-part-one/#ixzz32kPwRmKg

They started interrogating the policemen and just as quick as the assault, a stroke of luck occurred. They told the SAS that the two men were in a nearby villa. The unit hastily reorganized and moved toward the new objective just a short distance away. The streets remained vacant and the villa seemed unguarded. Again, with worries of the captives gone or even executed on their minds, the SAS charged methodically and entered the structure at several points. More flash-bangs sounded amid empty rooms. Nothing. Not a single sign of the captives or their captors.

Another door was breached. A bathroom. Team members burst through, and there they were. Still bound and beaten up, but nonetheless alive. The SAS checked them over then spirited them out of the villa into a waiting Warrior. The rest of the unit followed suit and the armored column turned around and raced from the area. The choppers who had watched the entire event unfold swung around, too, and made their way back to base. Below them, the SAS remained calm until reaching the base where the two men were whisked off to a hospital. Only then did the congratulating occur. A textbook operation pulled off with no casualties and the good guys rescued. As night fell, the air of uncertainty, especially with their leaders returned. They wondered just how much trouble the British government had in store for them.

Basra
The Jamiat Police Station Within The Walled Compound In Basra (Courtesy Getty Images)
News of the successful rescue raced up the chain of command, through the Ministry of Defense and eventually into the Prime Minister’s office. As the story broke to the public, the higher ups realized they had egg on their face, and to punish men being hailed as heroes for rescuing British troops that they had sent to Iraq was too bitter to contemplate. Therefore, they decided the best course of action was to give permission to rescue even though they knew the mission was complete. That way they could save face and there would be no punishment for the rescuers. Even more, the government later learned that if they had tried to prevent the mission, the SAS leadership was preparing to resign en masse.

Years later, the British press interviewed the two former captives and they recounted the story of how they ended up being captured.

The two men, a Sergeant and a Lance Corporal, were working with local police with whom they had serious questions about their loyalty. Dressed in Arab garb, they were part of a two car team returning to base when they came upon a police checkpoint. Suspecting the police were really militants, when they approached wanting to search their car the two men raised weapons and a shoot out began. One policeman was killed and three others wounded before the car sped off with police cars in pursuit.

Soon, they were overtaken and radioed their position before coming to a stop and exiting with their hands up. The police stuffed them into a car and took them to Jamiat, where it was confirmed they were indeed part of a militia hostile to the British. They were stripped, chained and beaten before a camera was summoned for their TV debut. They were kept in the station until after the first attempt to win their release. Then they were moved to the villa. Once the SAS assaulted the station, militants guarding them fled in fear, leaving them to their fate. From there began the course of actions that led to their rescue.

It is one that the SAS looks proudly upon to this day, even though the very government that they served was more than willing to let their two comrades die, all in the interest of Political Correctness.

Read more: http://specialoperations.com/29058/the-day-sas-defied-their-government-to-rescue-part-two/#ixzz32kQ5WCVi

Danish Special Forces

The Jaegercorps, army (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huntsmen_Corps_(Denmark))

The Frogmancorps, navy (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danish_Frogman_Corps)

Sirius Sledge Patrol, navy (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slædepatruljen_Sirius)

 

History of the Jaegercorps

During the 1960s, the Cold War was at its height and the Berlin Wall was established in 1961. It was decided that Denmark should create a special forces unit in order to gather information during a so-called ‘Grey Period’ – a prewar-phase between the Warzaw Pact and NATO. Thus the Jaegercorps was established on November 1st 1961 as a long range reconnaissence patrol unit (LRRP). During the years following the Cold War (1992-95) the Jaegercorps was transformed into a SOF-unit.

 

The Jaegercorps has participated in special opeations on the Balkans (1993-2007), Iraq (2003-08), Afghanistan (2001-present) and Africa. As a part of Task Force K-Bar, the Jaegercorps was awarded ‘The Presidential Unit citation’ on December 7th, 2004, for its effort as part of the joint-forces special operations forces group in Afghanistan.

 

The number of operators is confidential (but way to low).

 

Selection (in total 18 months)

 

Basic selection test (2 days)

 

Written tests (autobiography, English, mathematics)

Interview with a psychologist

PT (Coopers test, ‘yo-yo’ test, coretest)

Medical examination

 

Pre-course

Pre-course 1 (5 days, 6 months before the actual selection course)

Introduces the candidate to the subjects covered in the actual selection course and gives the

candidate a feel for what he must get better at (orienteering, PT, shooting skills etc.).

Pre-course 2 (2 days, 4 months before the actual selction course)

More training and evaluation in the above covered subjects.

Pre-course 3 (2 days, 2 months before the actual selction course)

More training and evaluation in the above covered subjects with tougher requirements.

(PIX 3 – completing Patrol Course, selection)

 

Patrol Course (8 weeks)

 

Physical and mental skills are tested.

• Shooting

• Helicopter insertion/extraction

• Maritime insertion/extraction (RIB, rubber dinghy)

• Orienteering (technique, theory, orienteering race/march, day/night)

• March

• Cold water habituation (7-10° C (44,5 F°)/combat swimming

• PT – running, core

• Demolition

• Medic

• Survival

• Self-confidence tests

• Patrol exercises

 

Completing the course the candidate will be rated with either ‘satisfactory’ or ‘very satisfactory’. The candidate must have ‘very satisfactory’ in order to continue on Selection Course.

 

Selection Course (8 weeks, begins 1 week after end of Patrol Course)

 

Physical and mental skills are further tested.

• Shooting/CQB

• Helicopter insertion/extraction

• Maritime insertion/extraction (RIB, rubber dinghy)

• Orienteering

• March*

• Cold water habituation (7-10° C (44,5 F°)/combat swimming

• PT – running, core**

• Demolition/breaching

• Medic

• Survival

• Self-confidence tests

• Patrol exercises

 

(PIX 4 – rope/RIB)

 

* During Patrol- and Selection Course the candidate marches and runs in average 2000 kilometers (1250 mi) (final march test: 60 km (37,3 mi)/40 kilo equipment in maximum 12 hrs in terrain + 2 x 50 km/40 kilo equipment in maximum 48 hrs in terrain). The candidate swims in average 45 km (28 mi) in a pool and/or in seawater.

 

** Core Test

 

Mistakes and forgetfulness are ‘rewarded’ during the courses. For example the author to this article forgot the key to his quarter and was rewarded with a 1.70 meters (5.5 ft) and 20 kilo heavy ‘key’ which he had to carry everywhere at all times in a period of 5 days. (PIX 5 – KEY)

 

The Selection Course is completed with a self-confidence test (rope-drop from 18 meter/22 yd) whereafter the candidates are awarded the insignia of the Jaegercorps.

 

(PIX 6 – team, night HALO from c130 making TLZ)

 

Basic parachuting – static line (2 weeks)

 

Combat Swimming Course (3 weeks)

 

Conducted by The Danish Frogman Corps.

 

The maroon beret

 

After completing the Combat Swimming Course the candidates will receive the maroon beret.

 

(PIX 7 – beret)

 

(PIX 8 – arctic warfare training northern Sweden)

 

Basic SOF-training (52 weeks)

• Mobility (US, Australia, Spain)

• Arctic warfare (Sweden)

• Jungle warfare (Belize)

• Mountaineering (Switzerland)

• HAHO/HALO (Eloy, Arizona/US, Denmark)

• CQB shooting

• Weapons specialist training

• Specialist training (demolition/breaching, medic, comms, intel, sniper)

 

(PIX 9 – basic training)

 

(PIX 10 – mountain, Schwitzerland)

 

(PIX 11 – sniper)

(PIX 12 – mobility training, Supercat)

 

Jaeger Status (operative status)

The Jaeger badge is handed over. The author of this article was among the 8 candidates who out of 97 completed the course.

Uk’s Elite Force to Lose a Third of It’s Troops

16 Air Assault Brigade, which is built around soldiers from the Parachute Regiment, will see half of its regular infantry battalions removed

 

Britain’s elite rapid reaction defence force is to lose around a third of its troops as part of the Government’s drive to cut Army numbers.

 

16 Air Assault Brigade, which is built around soldiers from the Parachute Regiment, will see half of its regular infantry battalions removed, as well as losing air power, artillery and armoured vehicles.

The move means the brigade, which spearheaded British operations in Sierra Leone, Iraq and Afghanistan, will be stripped of nearly 3,000 of its 8,000 troops by the end of the year, insiders estimate.

 

One of its former senior officers warned that the cuts to the brigade would leave the British Army as little more than a “defence force”.

 

Details of the cuts, first outlined in Army reforms last year, have emerged in the latest issue of the Parachute Regiment’s journal and in an internal briefing seen by The Sunday Telegraph.

 

They are part of a Coalition drive to reduce the Army from 102,000 regulars to 82,000 by the end of the decade, helping to save around £10 billion from the Ministry of Defence budget.

 

The specific cuts to 16 Air Assault Brigade will see several infantry units – 1st and 2nd Bns the Royal Irish Regiment – leaving the brigade and being transferred to a lower readiness force by the end of the year. Fifth Battalion the Royal Regiment of Scotland, which was also part of the brigade, has been disbanded apart from one company that has been put on ceremonial duties.

 

A squadron of armoured reconnaissance vehicles from the Household Cavalry Regiment, where Prince Harry is an officer, is also being reassigned. The brigade will also lose artillery, engineers and helicopters.

 

Dan Jarvis MP, a former Parachute Regiment officer who served with the brigade in Iraq, said the cuts would undermine the brigade and were “baffling”.

 

“It seems strange that what is essentially a very important part of our military capability is being undermined in this way,” he said.

 

“The drawdown in Afghanistan means our focus now pivots towards contingency operations with 16 Air Assault set to play a lead role within that.

 

“It’s therefore baffling why, just at the point where we start to focus on contingency operations, cuts are being made that will undermine the deployability and combat effectiveness of the brigade.”

 

As well as the Army losing 20,000 regulars, the Navy is losing 5,500 sailors and the RAF 8,000 airmen. Defence chiefs fear the cuts could deepen even further.

 

Gen Sir Nick Houghton, Chief of Defence Staff, last year warned the military risked becoming a “hollow force” with state-of-the-art equipment but no one to operate it unless manpower budgets increase.

 

Col Tim Collins, whose 1st Bn the Royal Irish Regiment was part of 16 Air Assault Brigade during the Iraq invasion, said the cuts were driven by government money-saving, rather than any strategy, adding: “We are in a bad place. The Army is now of a size where it’s hard to call it an army. It’s more of a defence force.”

 

An Army spokesman said: “Difficult decisions were taken in the 2010 SDSR [Strategic Defence and Security Review] to ensure we can properly equip the Army for the future.

 

“Changes to the structure and size of 16 Air Assault Brigade were announced in 2013 and implemented as part of wider changes that will ensure the Army is more flexible and better able to meet future threats.

 

“It will remain the Army’s premier high readiness formation and will be able to draw on support from other divisions and support units should this be required. This is at the heart of creating a more adaptable force and will have no impact on our operational effectiveness.”

SOCOM Getting More Deadly

U.S. Special Operations Command may have a relatively small budget with which to add the latest generation of widgets to its fixed-wing fleet, but commando leaders say they’re making those dollars count — and doing so quickly.

 

Plans briefed to industry at the annual SOFIC conference here include adding a forward-facing gun and better armor to its 50 CV-22 Ospreys, Hellfire missiles to the AC-130 fleet, along with new command and control and radio frequency jammers and countermeasures to both platforms that can be rolled on and rolled off, depending on the mission.

 

But money is an issue.

 

“If you’ve got a million-dollar widget you want to put on the [Osprey] — there’s 50 of them. We can’t afford a $50 million program,” Lt. Col. John DiSebastian, SOCOM’s C-130 and CV-22 program director, told a small group of defense industry reps Wednesday.

 

“But if you’ve got a $100,000 or a $50,000 widget that can improve the sustainment, capability, or ops of the aircraft, then bring that to us.”

 

DiSebastian stressed that he’s looking for opportunities to do low-cost modifications on the tilt-rotor aircraft, hinting that the playing field is still pretty wide open as the Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC) is continuing to refine and tweak how the CV-22 is employed.

 

But that doesn’t mean the commandos haven’t already outlined a path forward.

 

After three of AFSOC’s Ospreys were shot up over Juba, South Sudan in December, resulting in the injuries of four Marines on board, the command realized that the birds needed better armor.

 

DiSebastian said that “we’re looking to put armor protection on those aircraft in under 140 days” and they’re about a third of the way through that.

 

SOCOM leadership is also working on beefing up the firepower on the aircraft, testing new forward-firing weapons that it wants to put in place by the end of this year.

 

If that seems like a pretty quick schedule to those who are used to the years-long process of getting things done in the Pentagon bureaucracy, Lt. Col. DiSebastian said that’s the whole point.

 

The gun program “is something that if we went to big Air Force or big Navy acquisitions it would have been a five-year program,” he said, but since the command is doing the research and development itself, “companies are looking to put a capability on this aircraft and shoot it by the end of this year.”

 

According to slides presented at the briefing, SOCOM is also looking at the potential of using helmet mounted displays, digital map upgrades, and using mobile devices to help do mission planning in the near future.

 

When it comes to the AC-130 gunship, the command has developed a laser-guided small diameter bomb that will be fielded this summer, and is just starting the process of fitting Hellfire missiles on the aircraft, according to Erich Borgstede, SOCOM’s systems acquisition manager for standoff precision-guided munitions.

 

SOCOM’s C-130 variants are the most expensive part of its overall portfolio, and include the MC-130 cargo planes along with the AC-130 gunships.

 

While AFSOC operates about 200 C-130s, it has outlined plans to reduce the overall number of airplanes it operates while focusing more on adding capability to the platforms that it retains.